El Salvador
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INTRO TO COUNTRY

The Republic of El Salvador is located in Central America near Honduras, the Gulf of Fonseca, Guatemala, and the Pacific Ocean. Unlike the other nations in Central America, El Salvador isn't located in the Caribbean Sea. It is also Central America's smallest and most populous nation. The culture of El Salvador mixes elements from Latin America and Native American. There are four indigenous groups within El Salvador’s culture: the Maya, Cacaopera, Pipil, and Lenca. Catholicism and magnetism are the country’s two dominant cultural heritage connections.

country flag

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country map

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FACTS

Population: 6,528,135 (estimated in July 2021)

Area: 21,041km²

GDP: $27.023 billion USD

Official Religion: Roman Catholic (50%), Protestant (36%)

Capital: San Salvador

Government Type: Presidential Republic

more information

Salvadorian cuisine is strongly influenced by Spanish and Amerindian origins. People from El Salvador enjoy eating different types of meat, such as chicken, pork, beef, etc. Corn can be found in just about everything Salvadorians eat.

The most commonly spoken language in the Central American country is Spanish. El Salvador began composing literature under the Spanish Colonial Rule. Almost all of the literature prior to that was orally transmitted. The country therefore has a rich tradition of folk tales and legends. Generally, folk art in El Salvador reflects village culture, animals, and cultural celebrations. From contemporary music to folk songs, the country has a diverse musical culture. Among the most popular music types in El Salvador are Salvadoran Cumbia, Salvadoran Hip Hop, and Native Mesoamerican Indigenous music.

The 16 January 1992 Peace Accord that held promise of peace, stability and prosperity in El Salvador has proved to be elusive. Like most countries that find themselves in societal strife –the root cause leads back to the unevenly distributed resources: land, money, education, and political power. This is a work in progress in El Salvador. Any such investment must lead with the investment in the educational and business opportunities for the youth and young adults who are vulnerable to gang membership.

El Salvador has also been affected by the Coronavirus, especially those with low incomes and poor health conditions. The wearing of masks while traveling is mandatory. The poor use tactics like skipping meals, and taking out loans due to unemployment, which has only served to make the poor saddled with debt and turn a bad situation into an ominous one.